Sequelae Of Trauma To Primary Teeth Ppt
In preschool children head and facial nonoral injuries make up as much as 40 of all somatic injuries.
Sequelae of trauma to primary teeth ppt. Three cases are presented in this paper. It is important to keep in mind that the present guidelines consider treatment of caries free primary teeth with acute trauma. Sequelae in permanent dentition after trauma in primary dentition. Dental trauma to primary teeth.
Any injury to teeth of young child can have serious and long term. Formation of the tooth germ of upper central incisors usually takes place at 20 weeks of gestation and calcification begins at the age of 3 4 months. These children should be given radiographic examinations during follow up of their. The age at which trauma takes place mainly explains the sequelae noted in permanent dentition.
A total of 69 traumatized maxillary primary incisors were followed to determine the sequelae of trauma. Of trauma to the primary teeth and describes the sequelae of injury to both the primary and secondary dentitions. These sequels resulted in whitish or brownish opacities enamel hypoplasia root. Kenwood m seow wk.
Children are commonly affected by luxation injuries especially in their early years. 12 therefore orofacial trauma at the age of 14 16 months as in this case could lead to. Sequelae of trauma to the primary dentition. The age at which trauma takes place mainly explains the sequelae noted in permanent dentition.
The risk appears to be greater in children who suffer injury at younger ages with disturbances of enamel development the most common manifestation. Most injury are prone in 2 to 4 years of life when children learn to walk play etc. History of trauma in both primary and permanent teeth 46 of children boys show more frequency than girls in permanent teeth no significant sex difference in primary teeth peak incidence in boys 2 4 year and 9 10 year girls 2 3 years facial injuries common in boys of 6 12 yr of age mandible is most affected teeth involved. After traumatic injuries to the primary dentition most complications are associated to infection due to caries.
Sequelae of acute dental trauma in the primary dentition. At initial presentation discoloration was the most common presenting sign of trauma 30 4 followed by crown fractures 21 8 and displacement of the teeth 15 9. In the age group 0 6 years oral injuries are ranked as the second most common injury. Dentistery sequelae of traumatic injuries to primary teeth.
12 therefore orofacial trauma at the age of 14 16 months as in this case could lead to malformation of tooth. In cases of trauma to the primary teeth diagnosis and appropriate management is necessary to alleviate the pain and discomfort for the child and to decrease the risk of damage to the permanent successor.